Romania's industrialization

In the past, similar decisions have been already taken. Those decisions were based on political and economical concepts considered correct in that time.  

With the photographs below I try to present what remained from all that was expected from Romania's  industrialisation.

In 1947, at the date of proclamation of the People's Republic of Romania the country was predominantly agrarian with an underdeveloped industry and with many citizens making a living from agriculture.

he rhythm of development was truly exceptional: during the years of communism, the romanian industry multiplied itself in size.

 

But this wasn't for free. Traditional communities fell apart, the industry caused severe pollution and the amount of loans taken from western countries was constantly rising. Moreover, during the years of the Ceaușescu era became obvious that the industry is so inefficient that that the loans taken for the development cannot be repaid. Finally, the loans were repaid after a nationwide saving campaign. As a byproduct, the population's standard of living was deteriorated and less and less money was available for the modernisation of the industrial facilities.
After 1990, as the political and economical systems of the communist bloc countries were changed and the extremely centralized management system of the Romanian industry collapsed, the mere existence of numerous industrial companies become meaningless. The communism left behind a society and an economy adapted to stability and permanent central control. It was hard for both of them to adapt to the long awaited freedom. Some successful companies were privatised, but many were closed and left behind masses of unemployed. A part of them created new methods to earn a living, but many of them still could not find their places.

The place of the demolished or collapsed industrial buildings will be covered by new buildings or the nature will slowly reconquer them. But the poisoned soils, disintegrated communities and the disoriented masses will remind us for a long time to the forced industrialization of this country.